Geoffrey parker military revolution thesis

Thus the great leap in army size in the s and 40s was accompanied by a major reorganization of government in most Western states in which the inherited administrative system based on the household gave way to a more complex bureaucratic edifice; while the further period of rapid increase in manpower between and was associated with the rise of absolutism -- especially in the states that had been prominent in the Thirty Years War and had experienced a collapse in the pyramid of command during it France, Sweden, Austria and Prussia.

It was from this position of overwhleming strength that Britannia could, and did, rule the waves. Google Scholar McJoynt, A.

military revolution examples

But the military supremacy which the possession of a powerful siege train conferred contributed in no small degree to that strengthening of royal authority which we find in some European states in the later 15th century.

Parker's The Military Revolution was originally published in These three innovations, together, constitute a "military revolution" that forever changed Europe and the world.

The military revolution geoffrey parker review

The Conquest of Granada, —, by W. The Catholic formations to the left are deployed two companies deep, while the Swedish to the right are deployed just one company deep Alte Veste. Google Scholar Oman, Sir C. The debate of line vs column was carried through the 18th Century up to Napoleonic times, with a temporary reverse to deep columns in the later campaigns of the Napoleonic Wars. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. By September , the army of the Republic numbered, at least in theory, 1,, men. Without cavalry, a 15th-century army was unlikely to achieve a decisive victory on the field of battle; battle might be decided by archers or pikemen, but a retreat could only be cut off effectively or followed-up by cavalry. It was from this position of overwhleming strength that Britannia could, and did, rule the waves. In this view, the difficulty of taking such fortifications resulted in a profound change in military strategy.

He also gives it a new significance, not only was a factor in the growth of the State, it was also the main factor, together with the "Naval Revolution" to the rise of the West over other Civilizations.

While requiring drill and discipline, individual training requirements were much lower than those for archers or knights, and the switch from heavily armoured knight to footsoldier made possible the expansion in the size of armies from the late 15th century onwards as infantry could be trained more quickly and could be hired in great numbers.

In the age of the military revolution, the skill of individual governments and generals in supplyinig war often became the pivot about which the outcome of armed conflict turned.

Imperial Spain —, New York. England, Spain and the Gran Armada, — Sieges remained necessary, and required an increasing number of men to isolate the besieged and fend off relief forces.

Trace italienne

In a way that few could have foreseen, the sustained preoccupation of the European states with fighting each other by land and sea had at length paid handsome dividends. Google Scholar Williams, Sir R. The Dawn of Modern Warfare. Google Scholar Smythe, Sir J. But, by , after almost twenty years of continuous war at sea, the Royal Navy comprised over 1, purpose-built warships of them ships-of-the-line with a total displacement of , tons and a complement of , men. The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers. In financial terms, too, the cost was unacceptably high References Barado, F. On 21 January of that year he delivered a lecture before the Queen's University of Belfast ; later published as an article, The Military Revolution, —, that has fueled debate in historical circles for five decades, in which the concept has been continually redefined and challenged. Google Scholar Delbruck, H. Dramatic Societal Impact of War.

Ultimately, Parker argues, "military geography", in other words the existence or absence of the trace italienne in a given area, shaped military strategy in the early modern period, and lead to the creation of larger armies, necessary to besiege the new fortresses and to garrison them.

References Barado, F.

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Spanish Military Power and the Military Revolution